By Claude Berube, John Rodgaard
Charles Stewart’s lifetime of crusing and strive against at the excessive seas opponents that of Patrick O’Brien’s fictional hero, Jack Aubrey. Stewart held extra sea instructions (11) than the other U.S. military captain and served longer (63 years) than any officer in American naval heritage. He commanded all sorts of warship, from sloop to ship-of-the-line, and served each president from John Adams to Abraham Lincoln.Born in Philadelphia in the course of the American Revolution, Stewart met President Washington and went to sea as a cabin boy on a merchantman earlier than age 13. In March 1798, at age nineteen, he bought a naval fee one month ahead of the dept of the military used to be tested. Stewart went directly to an illustrious naval occupation: Thomas Jefferson well-known his Mediterranean exploits throughout the Barbary Wars, Stewart suggested James Madison on the outset of the conflict of 1812, and Stewart educated many destiny senior naval officers—including David Porter, David Dixon Porter, and David G. Farragut—in 3 wars. He served as a pallbearer at President Lincoln’s funeral. Stewart cemented his acceptance as commander of the Navy’s strongest frigate, the USS structure. No different captain commanded this send for an extended wartime interval or via extra naval engagements. Undefeated in conflict, together with defeating the British warships Cyane and Levant concurrently, either send and captain got here to be referred to as “Old Ironsides.”
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Additional info for A Call to the Sea: Captain Charles Stewart of the USS Constitution
Navy. S. Navy interacted, profes23 ................. 11333$ $CH2 05-20-05 13:09:46 PS PAGE 23 A Call to the Sea One of Stewart’s oldest friends, Stephen Decatur served with Stewart on the United States, and later they served together under Commodore Preble. (H. Peterson after Gilbert Stuart; courtesy of the Naval Historical Center) sionally and socially, with their peers from the British service. ’’30 Commodore Murray received permission to anchor in Gibraltar and was shown great civility and attention by no less a personage than V.
Thomas Jefferson was all too aware of seizures of American merchantmen and their crews by the Barbary States, and especially by the bashaw of Tripoli. S. policy of paying tribute to the Barbary States. He wrote, ‘‘Would it not be better to offer them an equal treaty? If they refuse, why not go to war with them? . ’’24 Jefferson’s and Adams’s opinions of the Barbary States, and of Tripoli in particular, had hardened during their interactions with the ambassador from Tripoli in Paris. The Americans had asked the ambassador to justify the outrageous savagery his city-state inflicted upon defenseless American ships.
At that point, the strange sail surrendered. Stewart quickly sent a prize crew led by Lieutenant Porter. As the prize crew approached the strange vessel, Porter was hailed and warned off or be fired at. ‘‘The boat was then moved out of the line of fire and the Experiment was about to recommence the action, when the stranger hailed again to say that he submitted. ’’17 Upon seeing that she was British, Stewart immediately ordered his crew to assist the stricken ship. Stewart, Porter, and Experiment lay by the damaged Louisa Bridges through the night and all the next day assisting in the repair of the British privateer and attending to her dead and wounded.
A Call to the Sea: Captain Charles Stewart of the USS Constitution by Claude Berube, John Rodgaard