By Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi
This distinct case research explores the dramatic fiscal and social adjustments that the rice belt of Laguna Province has skilled within the final quarter-century. along with significant advances in rice know-how, expanding inhabitants strain, land reform courses, growing to be infrastructure, and concrete financial actions have speeded up the velocity of swap. using a distinct info set outfitted from a variety of surveys from 1966 to 1997 in a standard Laguna village, the authors illustrate a trend of socioeconomic improvement shared by way of irrigated rice parts all through Asia.
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Extra resources for A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines
2 per cent by natural growth. Although data are not available, it should not be unreasonable to imagine that the expansion of the cultivated area largely paralleled the population growth in this period. The economy of the Philippines including Laguna Province was greatly disrupted by the Japanese military invasion in the 1940s. However, it appears that the influence of the war was relatively modest in East Laguna Village. In fact, the village, protected by the coconut grove and separated by marshy paddy fields with no access road from outside, represented a safe hiding place.
The network of personal relationships is consolidated by the strong sense of indebtedness in gratitude (utang na loob), by which one person doing a favour to another is assured of being reciprocated in the long run. Village-wide customary rules also exist, though they are not as pervasive and compelling as in Japanese villages. For example, villagers who live in the coconut grove owned by landlords living outside the village are allowed to gather and consume coconuts that have accidentally fallen down from the trees, but are prohibited from deliberately causing them to fall.
However, unlike in the previous two decades, this growth resulted mainly from natural growth. 6 per cent during the period 1940–60. The decline in migration into East Laguna Village seems to reflect the fact that the process of land opening reached its limit during this period. Indeed, it is estimated that the paddy area cultivated by villagers reached 94 hectares in 1960, which was close to the cultivable area of about 100 hectares within the territory of East Laguna Village, although the exact area is difficult to measure because villages’ territorial boundaries are not clearly defined in the Philippines.
A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines by Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi