By Ross Mouer, Hirosuke Kawanishi
This entire, introductory review of the "world of labor" in Japan recollects post-war Japan to investigate the advance of business family and the japanese form of administration. It considers the adjustments that came about within the early nineties while disillusionment set in and unemployment and financial lack of confidence grew to become evidence of existence. The authors problem the preeminence of jap administration practices that have ruled the literature over the past 3 a long time.
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Additional info for A Sociology of Work in Japan (Contemporary Japanese Society)
One group led by Okochi argued that social policy should be driven by the needs of progressive capitalism. Another group gathered around Professor Kishimoto Eitaro (Kyoto University) and Hattori Eitaro (Tohoku University). It argued that a basic conflict of interest existed between workers and capitalists, and that the different needs of the two classes could not be ascertained simply by enlightened government policy. Its view was that power relations between the two were central to any understanding of workgroups.
If so, what are the rules that define notions of fair competition, and who makes those rules? How legitimate are sweat shops? How legitimate as a means of competing is social dumping in the form of lower wages, longer hours of work, poorer housing, and environmental degradation? The consequences of winning or losing the game of national economic competition are such that citizens in many countries can easily be persuaded that various deprivations are a reasonable price to pay for national economic independence.
The next chapter introduces the Japanese literature on work, focusing on the sociology of work and its attention to the paradoxical coexistence of high levels of commitment to work and high levels of alienation born out of 22 A context for studying work the harsh conditions under which many Japanese have labored. It discusses eight streams of scholarship dealing with work and tells the story of the uncovering of a dual consciousness among Japan’s employees. On the distributive side, the poor working conditions and the constraints imposed by management at the place of work are mentioned.
A Sociology of Work in Japan (Contemporary Japanese Society) by Ross Mouer, Hirosuke Kawanishi