By Gary A. Donaldson
The usa had large possibilities after global battle II. The nation's business may possibly, geared to defeat Germany and Japan, might now be occupied with household creation. genuine wages have been up, the GNP was once at the upward thrust, business construction was once up, and inflation used to be below keep an eye on. the long run seemed brilliant for the common American. yet this abundance was once punctuated with anxiousness. inside of 4 years of the top of the battle, the Soviet Union had turn into the recent enemy: they'd the bomb and China and jap Europe had fallen into the Soviet sphere of impact. those issues, the abundance of the starting to be financial system and the nervousness of the chilly struggle, outlined the interval from 1945-1960.
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Additional info for Abundance and Anxiety: America, 1945-1960
Foreign policy in April 1945 was what he read in the newspapers. ’’7 Clearly, Truman was not prepared to handle America’s foreign affairs in this complex period. S. and Allied armies moved more quickly than expected toward Soviet forces racing into Germany from the east. On April 30 the Soviets entered Berlin and Hitler committed suicide. It was the beginning of a new era; the stage was being set for the future, but the new American president was not yet up to the challenge. Truman’s response was natural: he consulted Roosevelt’s foreign affairs advisers for the answers.
In China, Mao had become isolated by the Soviet–Chinese Nationalist Treaty of Friendship and Alliance signed on August 14, 1945. Stalin had agreed as part of the treaty that he would not support Mao, and that he would remove his troops from Manchuria once operations against the Japanese were completed. Obviously, there was no love lost between the two Communist leaders. Stalin saw Mao as an adventurer whose revolution, supported by the Chinese peasantry, was outside the Marxist–Leninist philosophy that called for a revolution of urban industrial workers against the middle class.
S. troops went home, a Korean constabulary force was born in the south to take control. Through 1946 several attempts were made to unify Korea. One plan for a five-year trusteeship was rejected by the south. In 1947 the Soviets rejected an American plan for free elections throughout the peninsula, and came up with their own plan of a single united legislative body designed to give the Communists in the north a majority. That proposal was rejected by the Americans. N. attempt to unify Korea failed in September 1947, and in May 1948, Syngman Rhee, a fierce Korean nationalist and ardent anticommunist, proclaimed the Republic of Korea under his leadership.
Abundance and Anxiety: America, 1945-1960 by Gary A. Donaldson